Posts for: November, 2019
Nosebleeds happen to most of us at some point during our lifetime. While it can be startling, nosebleeds are typically harmless and nothing to worry about. Of course, if you battle nosebleeds rather regularly you may be wondering what’s going on and whether you should turn to an otolaryngologist for an evaluation. Here’s what you should know about getting a nosebleed.
Common Causes of a Nosebleed
The blood vessels within our nose are very delicate, which means that they are prone to bursting and causing nosebleeds. Therefore, the two most common causes of nosebleeds are nose picking and dry air. Dry air can dry out the nasal passages, which leaves the area prone to infection and cracking.
Other causes include:
- Repeated nose blowing
- Broken nose
- Acute or chronic sinusitis (a sinus infection)
- Common cold
- Certain allergy medications (these medications can dry out the nose)
- Traumatic injury to the nose
- Deviated septum
- Bleeding disorders
- High altitude
- Excessive use of blood thinners or anti-inflammatory medications
There are two main types of nosebleeds: anterior and posterior. An anterior nosebleed is a bleed that originates in the septum of the nose (the wall that separates the two nasal passages). These nosebleeds are minor and can be treated with home care. If your child experiences nosebleeds an anterior nosebleed is usually the cause.
Posterior nosebleeds occur further back in the nose where the artery branches are located. This type of nosebleed is much heavier, occurs more often in adults and may require medical care. While rare, it is possible for a posterior nosebleed to be a sign of high blood pressure or a blood disorder (e.g. hemophilia).
When to See a Doctor
While most people will be able to treat a simple nosebleed on their own without having to seek medical care, it’s important to see a doctor right away if:
- Your nosebleed is affecting your ability to breath
- Bleeding lasts more than 20 minutes
- Your nosebleed is the result of a traumatic injury or accident
- There is a significant amount of blood
While it’s not considered an emergency situation, it is a good idea to talk with your ENT doctor if you or your child experiences nosebleeds often. During an evaluation an ear, nose and throat doctor can ask you questions about your symptoms, perform a quick examination of the nose and determine the underlying cause of your persistent nosebleeds.
If you are concerned about you or your child’s nosebleeds then it’s best to play it safe and to schedule an appointment with an otolaryngologist. Call our office today.
If you are having hearing problems, you may be thinking about hearing aids. Choosing a hearing aid is an important decision, and one you shouldn’t make alone. Fortunately, your ear, nose, and throat doctor can help you choose the right hearing aid for you. Here at Arizona Ear, Nose & Throat, we offer a wide range of ENT services, including hearing aids. With two convenient office locations in Sun City and Sun City West, AZ, our team of ENTs is here to help you hear better—read on to learn more!
How do I know if I might need a hearing aid?
There are some definite signs and symptoms of hearing loss, which may indicate how you can benefit from a hearing aid. For instance, you should seek out your ENT specialist if sounds and speech are muffled, you have trouble picking words out of background noise, you need people to speak louder, you have problems hearing the consonants in words, or you find yourself avoiding social situations/conversations because of hearing problems.
During an appointment, your ENT specialist can do a hearing test to determine your level of hearing loss. This is an important step to begin the selection of the right hearing aid which will benefit you the most.
What are the different types of hearing aids?
There are several types of hearing aids, each with their own benefits:
- A CIC hearing aid fits completely inside the ear canal and is the most discreet type of hearing aid; CIC hearing aids don’t have volume control or a directional microphone.
- An ITE hearing aid fits in your ear and loops over the outer or lower part of the ear structure; ITE hearing aids are less discreet than CIC aids, but they do have volume control.
- A BTE hearing aid fits behind your ear and hooks over the top of your ear; they connect to an inner earpiece and have superb sound quality.
What are cochlear implants?
Cochlear implants are an alternative to conventional hearing aids and are a great solution for severe hearing loss. They perform the functions of parts of your ear that aren’t working correctly.
Interested? Give us a call
To find out more about hearing aids, hearing tests, and our other ENT services, call the Sun City and Sun City West, AZ, offices of Arizona Ear, Nose & Throat today. For Sun City, dial (623) 972-2951, and for Sun City West, (623) 975-1660.
Cancer can grow anywhere in the body, even the head and neck. These cancers are twice as common among men and they are usually diagnosed in adults over 50 years old. The common types of head and neck cancer include:
- Oral cavity
- Oropharnygeal (in the throat or back of the mouth)
- Nasal cavity
- Paranasal sinus
- Laryngeal (in the voice box)
- Hypopharyngeal (behind or beside the voice box)
Most of the time people don’t find out that they have head and neck cancer until symptoms start to surface that warrant visiting the doctor. Sometimes a dentist may be able to pinpoint early changes during your routine dental cleanings; however, your doctor may send you to an otolaryngologist for a more comprehensive evaluation and diagnosis.
During your evaluation, an ENT doctor will ask you questions regarding your current health and any symptoms you are experiencing. From there, your doctor will determine the best tests to perform to detect head and neck cancer. These tests may include a physical examination of the head and neck, a CT or MRI scan, or a biopsy.
If you are diagnosed with head and neck cancer the first thing your doctor will want to do is determine what stage the cancer is (which simply means determining how far the cancer has spread). The stages let us know the extent of the cancer’s growth but also which organs have been affected or could soon be affected. Stages of cancer range from 0-4, with the lower stages indicating that the cancer hasn’t spread to other organs or isn’t spreading quickly.
Treating Head and Neck Cancer
Today, there are many treatment options for head and neck cancer and your doctor will be able to go through the different options to determine the right plan for you. The type of treatment or treatments you will receive will depend on the stage and location of your cancer.
Localized treatments such as surgery or radiation are used to treat only the cancer and do not affect the body as a whole, while systemic treatments such as chemo and targeted therapy drugs will affect the whole body. Systemic treatments are often used on patients with more advanced stages of cancer that have spread to other areas of the body.
Surgery may be recommended if the cancer isn’t in a difficult location in which to operate. Surgery can be performed to remove lymph nodes from the neck or to remove part or all of a structure such as the voice box or jawbone.
If you are noticing changes in your voice, an oral sore or lesion that doesn’t heal, or a mass in the head or neck region it’s a good idea to see your ear, nose, and throat doctor right away for a thorough examination. The sooner head and neck cancer is detected the better.